2015/10/22

Ancient Egyptian Kids

Ancient Egyptian Children

 The ancient Egyptians had a company focused on value. The children were appreciated and considered important. Egyptians loved their children. Many paintings and statues show the importance of children in Egyptian life.The couple has no children prayed the gods and goddesses for help. Children have often been adopted. Magic spells were often adopted. Unfortunately, many children died at birth due to illness. The high rate of infant mortality was one of serious concern.

Ancient Egyptian Kids


Images and symbols of fertility of importance to the Egyptians. The birth of a child was a great moment. The delivery was seen as a natural phenomenon and not a disease, so that no assistance at delivery was usually done by a midwife. Breastfeeding has increased the immunity power of the child.In Egyptian households of all classes were evaluated and wanted. The atrocities committed against women as female infanticide was unknown. In addition to fertility tests, pregnancy tests and determining the
Gender of the child have been developed.
Toys and dolls were provided to children. 


 We see that the toys were often buried with the children so they can be used in the other world. On it were, dolls, paintings, pet toys. There were toy makers, but often, the children made their own toys. After reaching maturity, they were trained to adulthood.The girls helped their mothers in household chores. They learned spinning, weaving and cooking. They had a legal status, but only a very few jobs were open to them. The boys helped their fathers in their profession. They were trained to practice and were assigned to important tasks as they were effective.

There was no rigid inheritance but an effort to spend profession fathers with children. Religious principles, proper functioning, ethical principles and ideas were instilled in children. The end of childhood seems to have been marked by the onset of menstruation for girls and the ceremony of circumcision for boys.Children's education was considered necessary. Boys and girls between the ages of 4-14 went to school and learned to read and write. However, girls from ordinary families have received very little instruction. The sacred writing of hieroglyphs was also taught.


Children were made to copy from religious texts. They also learned wrestling and swimming. They could also go on to become doctors, prescribed, lawyers or government officials.The Egyptians married young. The boys were 15 and people were 12.Young girls chose their partners. Traditionally, marriages were not prepared. Children's clothes were simple and linen.
Sometimes they had leather sandals or reeds, and most wore a bracelet or necklace. It was the custom of shaving the boy's head, leaving only one
plaited lock. This was cut off when the child reached 12 years.


Female egyptian pharaohs

Meryt-Neith (first dynasty, c. 3000 BC)

She probably was ruling Egypt at the beginning of the dynasty, maybe it was the third ruler. Her name means "beloved of the goddess Neith" and has a monument and solar boat at Saqqara (near Cairo).


Khentkaus (4th Dynasty)


Khentkaus was characterized by an inscription as the mother of "two kings of Upper and Lower Egypt," presumably Sahu and Neferirke fifth dynasty. Khentkaus is said to have married a priest and his son inherited and initiated the Fifth Dynasty.
Nitocris (6th Dynasty 2148-44 BC)


She remembers Egyptian history as "the bravest woman and the best of his time." It is mentioned in the Turin King-list by the Greek Herodotus Travellers who wrote that she had caused the death of hundreds Egyptians to avenge the death of his brother, the king.



HATSHEPSUT (18th Dynasty c.1473-1458 BC)


She ruled for the first part of the 18th Dynasty, an exciting period known as "Golden Age of Egypt." His biggest success was the expedition that orchestrated the Land of Punt, which is recorded on the walls of her mortuary temple.


Among other things, it shows ebony, ivory, myrrh saplings, animal skins, incense, gold, perfumes and exotic animals being brought to Punt, a land that was located near the Red Sea and Somalia today.


Sobeknefru or Neferusobek or Nefrusobek or Sebek-Nefru (Meryetre)
 
XIIth Dynasty (1787-1783 BCE apx)


She was the daughter of Amenemhat III and half-sister of Amenemhat IV and perhaps also his wife. The dynasty ended with his reign, as she had apparently no son. Titles found with the image include Female Horus, the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, the daughter of Ra.
 
 Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs  

Cleopatra (c. 51 BC)

Coming from Macedonians, who had ruled Egypt since the death of Alexander. Large, some 250 years earlier, Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII in 69 BC She ascended the throne when she was only 17 years old, in 51 BC. Cleopatra not only the last female to be called Pharaoh, his death also ended 3,000 years of dynastic rule.

Egyptian Tables

The ancient Egyptians had simple furnishings but well done. Carpenters and artisans created the simple furniture for the common people, while more elaborate for the wealth and kings. Furniture belonging to the elite was of the highest quality and the furniture was often veneered and painted with bright colors representing aspects of the life of its owner.
The most popular item of furniture used by the Egyptians was the stool. Ancient Egyptian stools were produced in a variety of styles and designs and used by all classes.




Tables, another very common piece of furniture in the house of Egypt, were often made of wood and stone, and sat quite close to the ground. Therefore, the ancient Egyptians must carry stooped to meals, game playing or writing or other activities. Their use does not appear to be widespread, apart from their being placed in tombs as offering tables.
Middle Kingdom furniture had a large collection of small tables. These tables have been widely used for displaying vases or pots of water retention. Many are low, straight legs and stretchers single stretched below the tabletop.
There were tables, which were generally small and have four legs, although three and a dining room and gaming tables legs were known. These roundtables were mainly made of wood, but a few tables of stone were also found and some were metal.
Most tables were small and portable and designed for individual use. Platforms terracotta have been built in the house that served as a table during the day and then covered overnight and used as beds.
There were other types of tables: there was the offering table food held symbolically the ancient Egyptians gave to their deceased. In these representations tables funeral offerings for the dead are laden with food. People also used to display vases and other ceramics on these small tables. The large dining table that sits permanently many people only a few centuries old Egypt.
Middle Kingdom furniture had a large collection of small tables. The ancient Egyptians small tables to serve food. These tables have also been widely used for displaying vases or pots of water retention.
Larger tables, often with only three legs, were made of wood, but are not a common feature of ancient Egyptian house. Many others are low with straight legs and a stretcher single strung below the table. It is also considered that Egyptian carpenters built the splay legged tables which had cavetto cornice moldings below the edge of the table.

Ancient Egyptian Arts and Crafts

A Brief Look into Ancient Egyptian Arts And Crafts

Ancient Egyptian arts and crafts are characterized by their unique style which was different from arts and crafts from other regions of the world at that time. Egyptian arts and crafts took its birth in the lower Nile valley. Archaeological excavations have indicated this. Although religious in nature, the art was also an extension of nature and sometimes native culture.



The quality of art and craft items was based on their simplicity and sophistication. Artists preferred the use of lines to express their art in the right proportions. Flat areas on art items were also used extensively. This was the signature style of ancient Egyptian art and craft. In ancient Egypt, arts and crafts were intended to appease the Pharaoh.

Art in ancient Egypt as a source of religious and cultural propaganda:

Art was a very integral part of ancient Egyptians. Ancient Egyptian arts and crafts were found everywhere, from buildings to streets and even tombs. Egyptians used temples as a place of worship. They decorated the walls of temples with murals. Statues were erected at various places. The statues had a distinct quality to them that distinguished them from other types of art.

The Pharaohs ensured that all arts and crafts were consistent and conveyed some religious and social message. This was part of their propaganda to spread a uniform message on religious and social issues across the kingdom.

The Pharaohs themselves had huge statues of them. The Pharaohs were equivalent to God kings. The statues vindicated their stature as supreme protector of their people. Many temples have surreal art of how Pharaohs displayed their divine powers to quell the attacks of ruthless invaders.

Arts and crafts techniques in ancient Egypt:

Ancient Egypt arts and crafts were primarily carved out of stone. Paintings were made on the stone. Paintings were also made on walls of temples and tombs. Only specialist painters were used. As suggested by the precision of the paintings found in tombs and temple ruins, ancient Egyptian painters were full-time paid workers for this nature of job.

An initial design of the sculpture was made on the wall. This was a reference for stone sculpture artists. After the sculpture was finished, the paint artists would begin work. Even then, the process was streamlined indicating how similar things were then when comparing today’s times.

Materials used in art and craft in ancient Egypt:

Ancient Egyptians used granite stone extensively. They had the tools and techniques to carve giant granite columns. For painting purposes, minerals were used. The materials for painting were derived from the desert.

The minerals were finely ground and gelled together with animal or plant glue. The best feature of the paintings was the different shades of whites that were used in addition to reds and yellows. With time, ancient Egyptian arts and crafts evolved with the use of papyrus, wood, and limestone.

Egyptian Diorama

 Ancient Egyptian Diorama

This essay will help you understand diorama meaning and facts about ancient Egyptian dioramas. A diorama is a representation of scene from real life. They are made in all sizes. Largest dioramas are found in museums, which are made to educate people about different cultures, animal habitats and scenes from history. Ancient Egypt Dioramas are the most interesting of them all.

 Ancient Egyptian Diorama


Ancient Egyptian dioramas stand out because of the interesting trends, traditions, monuments and customs that the people there had. Scenes from daily life, activities of people around river Nile, mummification, pyramids, Sphinx, tombs and other monuments make for interesting dioramas.

Some interesting facts about ancient Egypt dioramas for kids:

1. Pyramids: these were used to bury the pharaohs and the queens in ancient Egypt. Their bodies were mummified and several belongings such as jewellery, weapons, cosmetics, balm and incense were buried along with them. The most famous pyramids exist in Giza.

2. A diorama of ancient Egypt pyramids depicts all these features clearly. The mummified bodies and the other things buried along with them are clearly shown.

3. Tombs: Also used to bury kings and the dead, tombs in ancient Egypt were mostly rock cut. They had several chambers, hallways and doors. Such elaborate architecture was meant to confuse the robbers wanting to steal the tomb’s contents.

4. The most famous tomb is that of King Tutankhamun. Dioramas on such tombs make for an interesting activity. They depict the hallways and the corridors in the same way as they were originally built.

5. Mummy dolls: The bodies of dead kings and queens were wrapped up in bandages. They are either standing or reclining. Their legs are wrapped together and not separately.

6. Mummy dioramas are made using dolls, preferably of metal foil. Royal mummies have their hands crossed on their chests while other mummies have them resting by their sides. The face is fully covered in bandages.

7. Mastabas: these were rectangular tombs used to bury high ranking officials. In the graves of kings, mastabas were used to store their belongings. These were lined with wood and the interiors were made of stone.

8. Mastaba dioramas are easy to create. Clay is commonly used to create them.

Ancient Egyptian diorama making for school project:

Making an ancient Egyptian diorama at home is a very easy task. A shoe box, some glue, sand, designs of hieroglyphs and drawings of an ancient Egyptian background are some of the basic requirements. One first needs to decide the background and then extend the idea in front with some 3D figures.

Ancient Egyptian dioramas are indeed very educative, informative and interesting. They are rightly the windows through which we can peep into ancient Egyptian way of life.

Ancient Egypt Colours

Understanding Ancient Egypt Colors Meaning and Their Influence on The Society

Ancient Egyptians bestowed a lot of importance to meaning of colours. Colors were a very important part of everyday Egyptian culture. Everything was colored to serve a purpose. It was used to convey a message and to also give something ‘’life’’.




An example would be the blue hue of God Amon. This indicated that this God was chivalrous. It conveyed to the people the character of the God, and what to expect when praying to this God.

The God of the underworld – Osiris was always colored in green. This indicated that Osiris has supreme powers over vegetation and nature.

Ancient Egypt colours meaning was not used for expressing each and every thing. Some arts and crafts of ancient Egypt show a row of oxen, each colored differently. This indicated that each ox was different. There was no psychological or religious connotation to it.

The use of colors in ancient Egypt was both practical and indicative. Discoveries show that colors were largely indicative. Artists in ancient Egypt used colors only to indicate something. They were not used otherwise.

The significance of the green color in ancient Egyptian civilization

Green was the color to signify the birth of new life and respect for Mother Nature. Green things were symbolic in their representation of the sustenance of life. Osiris was regarded as the protector of all greenery on Earth. Osiris depictions were made in various shades of green.

The color Red’s interpretation in ancient Egypt

Understanding ancient Egypt colours meaning is not without reason. Ancient Egyptians used colors to express their creativity and also to symbolize something. Red was not a color of destruction or bloodshed. In fact it was a color of success and vitality.

Ancient Egyptians would smear their bodies with red ochre on famous victories of their army. Later, as the civilization progressed, the color red changed its stature to a color of fire and anger. The color was equated to the color of the Sun God.

Ancient Egyptian sculptures show the skin of men in deep red color. This suggested that ancient Egyptian men upheld the beliefs of bravery, and fearlessness. Everybody was expected to partake in battle.

The influence of the white color in ancient Egyptian times

The color white was equated to the color of God. It was also the color of innocence and purity. Since God was depicted in white color, white was the symbolic representation of omnipotence.

Understanding the influence of colours on ancient Egyptians is an interesting journey. Considering that the civilization lasted for thousands of years, ancient Egypt colours meaning theories would have undergone several changes.

Ancient Egyptian Antiques

Here is some information on Ancient Egypt Antiques:

Artists from ancient Egypt were excellent painters, sculptors and architects. The remains of their work have been preserved for almost 3,000 years. These ancient Egyptian antiques are considered a treasure today.

Ancient Egyptian antiques are preserved in museums all over the world today. The Cairo museum in Egypt holds antiques across two floors, with 42 rooms on the first floor and 47 rooms on the second. This museum holds the greatest collection of ancient Egyptian antiques.

These antiques from ancient Egypt are mostly paintings, statues and figurines. Large statues of pharaohs, their queens, Gods and animals exist. Contents of many tombs, jewellery, paintings, masks, coffins and furniture of the Egyptian era form priceless antiques today.

Mummies form an important part of ancient Chinese antiques. Mummies of some very powerful pharaohs of the era like Tutankhamen are available for viewing at the Cairo museum.



Ancient Egypt antiques from Tutankhamen’s tomb

A powerful pharaoh of ancient Egypt, Tutankhamun was buried in a tomb full of treasures. Chariots, gloves, jewelry, the famous gold mask- are some of the antiques from his tomb.

The famous tomb had four nested shrines gilded together. The innermost contains a stone of sarcophagus and remains in the tomb. Inside the sarcophagus were three coffins with the innermost made of 11 kilograms of solid gold.

Inside this lay the emperor himself wearing the famous gold mask. Tutankhamun rests in his tomb even today. The tomb contains over 3,500 artifacts and weapons.

Ancient Egyptian antique Model granary

This antique in wood painting represents a scene from the Egyptian way of life. It shows men performing various functions in the granary. In one room, the painting shows a man kneeling to grinding grains poured by another man.

A reddish-brown color is used to paint the skin of these men. A man standing in the room packs flour while the other places the flour in large jars. They also wear lenin kilts. The arms of these men are out of proportion and longer than the legs.

Block Statue of Nedjem – antique from ancient Egypt

This block statue is made in quartzite. The statue shows Nedjem, meaning sweet one sitting on a cushion, arms crossed above the knees, feet flat on the ground and chin on the knees. He also has a small beard and wig. Between his legs is a small figure representing God named Ptah-Tatenen. Ptah wears a crown on top of his wig and is holding a scepter in hand.

Statue of Nedjemu– antique from ancient Egypt

Wearing a wrapped around kilt, this statue of Nedjemu shows him in a rigid posture with a quiet expression on his face. His left foot is forward and the right foot behind. The posture suggests movement and strength. He also holds two scepters in hand.

These ancient Egyptian antiques are priceless, not because they belong to the Egyptian era but because they are symbolic of the triumphant existence of mankind over thousands and thousands of years.

Ankh Amulet

 Ankh is the Ancient Egyptian symbol for ”life” and since the  beginnings of their written language, Egyptians used this  character in all epochs.  It denotes the verb ”live” and also  the noun ”life”.  The symbolism of the character developed  from that meaning. In religious representations deities often  carry the mysterious object in their hands and hand it over  to the king so that he can extend Ankh, ”the breath of life” to  his countrymen.






 During the Amarna period under Akhenaten  the rays of the solar disc frequently end in this symbol of  life.  Some kings like Tut-Ankh-Amun even wear the symbol  in their name and, thus, as an expression of its embodiment,  the living image (personfi cation) of Amun. Although ankh was used often and with enthusiasm, it is not  yet clear which physical object the character actually represented.  Some people support the hypothesis that it involves  a sandal strap.

 Others assume that it is more likely a type  of belt which can originally be traced to the ”knot of Isis”   In  any case ankh, as an amulet and a powerful symbol, enjoys  enormous signifi cance as a guarantee of ”eternal life”. In the tomb of Tutankhamun, the ankh can be seen, for  example, on the wooden mirror case in the form of the hieroglyph for ”life”.

Ancient Mummy

Mummies are bodies of people or animals preserved after death. The  process of mummification used by ancient cultures that preserved their  dead for hundreds, even thousands, of years differs from more modern  methods of embalming that are sometimes used to temporarily preserve  human remains after death.


Ancient Mummy





Mummification often included the use of  resin or chemicals to preserve the dead; contemporary embalming  involves treating a corpse with preservatives in order to temporarily  prevent decay.  Mummies have been found in many places around the world, including  Egypt, Greenland, South America, the Austrian-Italian Alps, New Guinea,  Northwest Europe, the Aleutian Islands off the coast of Alaska, and the  U.S. Southwest. Mummification methods varied, and they were often dependent upon  the tools and materials available to a particular culture. Each method  prevented bacteria and fungi from multiplying and breaking down the  body.

Some mummification methods were anthropogenic—created  intentionally by people—while others were spontaneous—created by  natural conditions such as subzero temperatures or burial in bogs. Mummification often involves one of the following techniques: drying  the body with salts, smoke, or chemicals; drying the body in the sun  and wind or in the cold and wind; placing the body in an oxygen-free  environment such as a peat bog; or burying the body in soil that has  bacteria-killing chemicals. This activity will introduce students to some of the different kinds  of mummification techniques that have been discovered worldwide.

Canopic Jar of Set-ari-ben, the Daughter of Hana

One of the four canopic jars which had contained the internal organs extracted during the embalming process. The covers bear the head of a jackal or "Duamutef."

The jar has four vertical columns of hieroglyphs bearing the name and the title of the owner who is Set-ari-ben daughter of Hana.

The covers of the four canopic jars bear the heads of the four sons of the God Horus whose duty was to guard the organs of the deceased. The God Imsety, with the human head, is the guardian spirit of the liver. Hapy, with the head of a baboon is responsible for the lungs; Duamutef with the head of a jackal watches over the stomach, and Qebehsenuef, with the head of a falcon, is the protector of the intestines.




Mummification Canopic Hars

The Sons of Horus were minor deities who protected the internal organs which were  removed during the mummification process. These were embalmed in the same way as  the body, wrapped and placed in stone or wooden jars, which were sometimes kept  together in a canopic chest.  Initially, the jars had plain disc lids but human-headed lids later became more common.



After the late Eighteenth Dynasty (about 1550-1295 BC), the stoppers often actually  represent the four Sons of Horus. Here the god Qebhsenuef (intestines) is shown with a  jackal head; Duamutef (the stomach) as a falcon head; Hapy as baboon-headed (the  lungs), and Imsety (the liver)with a human head.  A change took place in the embalming practice during the Twenty-First Dynasty (about  1069-945 BC).

The internal organs were returned to the body cavity after being  wrapped, protected by wax or clay figures of the Sons of Horus. This made the canopic  jars redundant, though they were still included in the tomb as they were viewed as an  essential element of a good burial. The jars were often not hollowed out and were  simply dummies, though as in these examples, they were decorated and inscribed as if  they were intended for use.

Ancient Egyptian Aeroplane

Ancient Egyptian helicopters

Ancient Egyptian helicopters
Photos of the Cydonia region of Mars have revealed the face on Mars, The D & M Pyramid (placed in line with Orions belt) and other abnormalities related to Egyptology in March!
The release of an image on Mars these days is very similar to Nefertiti, the Egyptian princess, and strengthens the presumed link between ancient Egypt and extraterrestrial civilizations.

These images were found on the ceiling beams of the year 3000 old New Kingdom Temple, dedicated to Osiris, at Abydos. Images from a helicopter, submarine, aircraft and hovercraft seem to suggest the Egyptians knew the technology we use today.

Osiris Canopus

This bronze Osiris Canopus, which probably dates from the Roman Period, is shaped like a vase with a human head wearing the nemes headdress. The uppermost part of the body is decorated with a chest ornament shaped like a naos, flanked by two birds whose heads have not been finished. Underneath this motif is a falcon with outspread wings; on his head is a sun disk and two uraei. The function of this type of vase is very unclear.






Ancient Egyptian Activities

The ancient Egyptians were in architecture, literature and painting. Ancient Egyptian architects were using sun-dried bricks and baked in the oven, fine sandstone, limestone and granite. Architects carefully planned all their work. The stones had to fit precisely together. Papyrus was used by ancient Egyptians for writing and painting. Papyrus is relatively fragile, and well used throughout the classical world has only survived, buried in very dry conditions of Egypt, and even then is often in poor condition.



Papyrus texts illustrate all aspects of ancient Egyptian life and include literary, religious, historical and administrative. The ancient Egyptians used steatite (some varieties were called soapstone) and carved small pieces of vases, amulets, images of deities, animals and many other objects. Ancient Egyptian artists also discovered the art of covering pottery with enamel. Covering by enamel was also applied to some stone work.


Hieroglyphics are the ancient Egyptian writing system in which images and symbols stand for sounds and words. Hieroglyphics have more than 700 symbols. Most paintings of ancient Egypt who survived were found in the tombs of the Pharaohs or government officials. Art is known as funerary art as it is in the graves and depicts scenes of the afterlife. The tomb paintings were everyday until the New Kingdom, circa 1550 BC to 1020 BC. During the New Kingdom paintings show different levels of Egyptian society and sections the deceased would need in life after.
In the vast and rich civilization of Egypt, it may not be surprising to know that they gave great importance to sports as well. It is a fact that most sports and games we play today have been in existence for thousands of years ago in Egyptian life. Many games and sports trained Egyptian sports.


It would surprise or even shock you when you find that there was not much difference in games or sports we play today and the games they play these days. Javelin is a sport for us today, but for the Egyptians it was possibly related to hunting for both sport and foraging. Archery is another sport that was a very popular mode of entertainment for the Egyptians. The Egyptians have shown an interest in water-related games such as rowing and swimming. They are also interested in fishing, agriculture and sewing.
Egyptian scientists were generally more interested in observing nature and engineering practice, and they were very good at both of these things. Some activities of invasion have also been observed in ancient Egypt. The Egyptians fought among themselves over who would be responsible for their country, and if the country would be united.

Canopic jar of Parahotep

This canopic jar was once part of the É. de Meester de Ravestein collection and bears the name of the vizier Parahotep. It has a lid in the shape of a falcon's head and a text referring to Qebehsenuf the Son of Horus. The owner is known from a stela from Abydos which dates to year 42 of Ramesses II. He should not be confused with his nephew of the same name who is known from a tomb at Sidmant.




Ancient Egypt Stories

The ancient Egyptians told stories both for entertainment and to convey a message. Storytelling in Egypt was as old as culture itself. However, the earliest written history of confidence-preserved ancient Egypt is the Middle Kingdom, it was composed in Middle Egyptian, the classical language of this period. The remaining pieces of ancient Egypt are fewer than those that the ancient Egyptians themselves knew, simply because the majority of their literary tradition was oral, or spoken, and has never been written.

One of the oldest tales and most favored of Egypt was the story of Sinuhe, which was preserved in six papyri and two dozen ostraca. The tale was written in the form of the biography of a courtier who fled from Egypt to Western Asia to the death of King Amenemhet the first for reasons Sinuhe never divulged. After many years in the Levant, Sinuhe felt homesick and wrote a long letter asking forgiveness of King Senusert First, which allowed Sinuhe to return and be reinstated in the royal court.


Ancient Egypt Stories


Autobiography was the oldest form in Egyptian literature and there are many examples of high-quality sound. An example is the autobiography of Weni official, coming out of his tomb-chapel at Abydos. Weni long career spanned the period of King Teti at the time of King Merenre. Weni exaggerated his closeness to his lord, King Pepi I, who hired him to investigate Weret Yamtes Queen, who was apparently involved in a plot against the king. The Book of the Cow of Heaven or the destruction of humanity, which was written in the late eighteenth dynasty on the golden altar of Tutankhamun, was an example of the mythological tale in Egyptian literature.  


The story describes how the sun god, Ra, was faced with a rebellion of humanity, so he sent his "eye," Hathor, or in a later version, Sekhmet, down to earth as a lioness, which proceeded to devour men. When Re called her back, she refused, so he had to deceive her. One night, he created a red-colored beer that looked like human blood. Sekhmet drank it all and got drunk. In this way Re saved humankind. Egyptian literature also provides examples of what might be called fairy tales or folk tales, like the "Tale of Two Brothers," "The Prince and his destiny", or later, the story of Khamwas Setne, a son of Ramses II.

The final story describes how Khamwas Setne was fascinated by the magical texts of the past, and so meet the ghost of a long dead magician in his tomb at Saqqara. In a story in history, he learned from an episode of the magician's life.


Ancient Egypt and Practise of Medicine


The Egyptians had some knowledge of human anatomy. For example, in the process of mummification, classic, and I knew how to mummifiers the introduction and implementation of long-hooked through the nose, breaking the thin bone of the brain case and the removal of the brain. They must also have had a general idea of the site in the body cavity of the internal organs, which removed through a small incision in the left thigh. However, what if you pass this knowledge to the practitioners of medicine is not known and seems to have any impact on the medical theories.Egyptian doctors were aware of the presence of pulse and a link between pulse and heart.

Author of the Smith Papyrus, even if a vague idea of the system of the heart, although not from the circulation, and was unable, or believes that is important to distinguish between blood vessels, tendons and nerves. They developed their theory of "channels" that carry air, water and blood to the body through the measurement on the River Nile, and if it becomes blocked, and became the crops healthy and it applies this principle to the body: if the person was fine, they use laxatives to release " channels ".Too few effective medical practices, such as many surgical procedures contained in the Edwin Smith papyrus. Often, the advice of doctors to stay healthy for washing and shaving the body, including in the context of weapons, and this may lead to the prevention of infection.


Ancient Egypt and Practise of Medicine

Ancient Egypt and Practise of Medicine

 Ancient Egypt and Practise of Medicine


They also advised patients to take care of their diet, avoid foods such as raw fish or other animals that are unclean.The many practices are ineffective or harmful. Michael D. Parkins says that 72% of 260 prescriptions in Papyrus Hearst has no elements of treatment are known, and many of the dung animal that contains products from fermentation and rot, and some even have healing properties, but also bacteria pose a serious threat of infection.Healers and doctors in Ancient Egypt The ancient Egyptian word for doctor is "wabau". This title has a long history. The earliest recorded physician in the world, Hesy-Ra, practiced in ancient Egypt. He was “Chief of Dentists and Physicians” to King Djoser, who ruled in the 27th century BC.

 The lady Peseshet (2400 BC) may be the first recorded female doctor: she was possibly the mother of Akhethotep, and on a stela dedicated to her in his tomb she is referred to as imy-r swnwt, which has been translated as “Lady Overseer of the Lady Physicians” (swnwt is the feminine of swnw).There were many ranks and specializations in the field of medicine. Royalty employed their own swnw, even their own specialists. There were inspectors of doctors, overseers and chief doctors. Known ancient Egyptian specialists are ophthalmologist, gastroenterologist, proctologist, dentist, "doctor who supervises butchers" and an unspecified "inspector of liquids".

The ancient Egyptian term for proctologist, neru phuyt, literally translates as "shepherd of the anus".Institutions, so called Houses of Life, are known to have been established in ancient Egypt since the 1st Dynasty and may have had medical functions, being at times associated in inscriptions with physicians, such as Peftauawyneit and Wedjahorresnet living in the middle of the first millennium BC. By the time of the 19th Dynasty their employees enjoyed such benefits as medical insurance, pensions and sick leave.Dentistry in Ancient Egypt The dental field is important, as it is independent of the profession of the third millennium BC in the early, although it may not be never prominent.

The diet of the Egyptian abrasion is high (such as sand left over from grinding grain) and the condition of their teeth were very poor, despite the fact that archaeologists have noted a steady decline in the severity of the occurrence of teeth worn throughout the 4000 BC to 1000 AD, probably because of improved techniques grain grinding. Egyptians still not all groups of teeth in very poor countries. Dental disease can even be fatal, such as Djedmaatesankh, a musician of Thebes, who died at the age of thirty-wide dental disease and infected a large bag. The dental infection and the best hope for people can be the rapid loss of teeth affected.

On instructions from Ankhsheshonq contains the statement "there is still no teeth rotting remains in place." The lack of records and document speed up this process has not been found on the appropriate tools to extract the tooth, and although some of the remains show a sign of forced removal of teeth. Found on the teeth of an alternative, although it is not clear whether it is; only a post-mortem may be cosmetic. In the treatment of severe pain by opium.Magic and religion in Ancient Egypt In addition, magic and religion is an integral part of everyday life in ancient Egypt.

 It is believed that the evil gods and demons to be responsible for many diseases, and often involve an element of the supernatural treatments, such as the start of treatment with an appeal to the deity. There does not seem that a clear distinction between what is at present to be seen in a very distinct callings of priest and doctor. Healers and many of them priests of Sekhmet often used incantations and magic as part of treatment.May have resulted from a widespread belief in magic and religion in the placebo effect is strong, that is, have contributed to the health of the perceived effectiveness of treatment. The effect of magic to focus on the choice of treatments or components for them.

Has been selected components that appear in some cases because they were derived from plant, animal or substance that the properties that match in some way to the symptoms of the patient. This is known as the principle of similibus simila ("similar with similar") found throughout the history of medicine to the modern practice of homeopathy. Thus, ostrich eggs are included in the treatment of fracture of the skull, and can be used as an amulet depicts the hedgehog against baldness.The amulets are generally very popular, being worn for many magical purposes.

Classified as amulets and health-related homeopoetic, phylactic and theophoric. Homeopoetic amulets portray an animal or part of the animal, and worn by hopes for positive attributes such as strength or speed.


Ancient Egyptian Statues

 Ancient Egyptian Statues Live To Tell The Story

Ancient Egyptian statues for sale come from a era when these lovely artworks were once the important belongings of rich Egyptians and Egyptian royalty. Now we tend to see them as invaluable. How several have gone missing in the sands of time we don't know. We know that a few have survived to be known as ancient Egyptian artifacts. That's what they are, whether or not they are in an Egyptian gifts shop or in an Egyptian British museum.




Few people realize that the ancient Egyptian statues for sale are essentially a porthole to the past that individuals can own, decorate with and even celebrate with. The traditional Greek statues bring to light the gods who were feared and respected by the Egyptian community. They show the beauty of women considered to be queens or gods. They show the animal-nature of the gods and also the regal lives of the historical kings.





The attractive Bastet statue brings us the cat as a god, able to change lives on its whim. Of course, some prefer the Sphinx; the cat-like figure associated most with ancient Egypt. Black Scarabs are among the ancient Egyptian statues for sale in Egyptian gifts shop. These decorative beetles represented the worldly life that the sun god gave to man. They were kept as talismans against problems and given as symbols of love. There is Isis, a generous and beautiful goddess, who was benefactor to the poor. Generally she is shown with Open Wings. There's the spectacular Horus Falcon. He still makes one quiver nowadays, maybe due to his status as god of revenge. Maybe it is because he is so often portrayed in ancient Egyptian statues for sale with a falcon-head and a strong human body. Then there's Anubis, portrayed with a jackal head. He is usually misunderstood as simply the god of death. In fact, many Egyptians considered him as god of the living because he guaranteed individuals of an after-life. These treasures will be found along with other ancient Egyptian artifacts that celebrate the royalty who themselves were regarded as gods. 


 




the enchanting queens, Nefertiti and Cleopatra, are often among the traditional Greek statues found in Egyptian British museum and among the traditional Egyptian statues for sale in Egyptian gifts shop. The King Tut statues and coffin boxes reminds us of the glory of Egypt, the great tombs and pyramids that stored the treasures of Kings. Ancient Egyptian statues for sale sometimes represent the great design of the past. There's the pyramid with its reach to the skies. There is the pyramid, tomb of the kings and protector of the king's monumental burial treasure. Often there are hieroglyphics, the representative language which has allowed translators to tell us the secrets of these treasures. Learn about the culture and art of Egypt including ancient Egyptian statues, ancient Greek sculptures, body sculpture art, Bronze horse statues etc by searching in our blog.


Egyptian Astronomy


That prompted the ancient Egyptians to the attention of stars and criminality cosmic is tied Babadathm where worshiped the sun and fired by the name (Ra) has Tsouroha is mounted on a boat and swim in the space, which they called the name (Shaw), has been thought that the sun when it is absent in the western horizon and solves darkness descend to the underworld and they called (DAT), comes the moon and his deputy, fired upon the god (Thoth) to replace it.

 

It was the ancient civilizations sanctifies the female, and it's content for the creation of that have made them gods of the universe and reflected this view when the ancient Egyptians as representing the earth is in the form of a man lying on his stomach name of God (Jeb), everything in the land of revival and Max on the back, and imagine the sky woman curved perimeter ground based on the outskirts of the fingers of her hands and feet and fired by the gods (Thoth), where the space-borne god Shu.

    
Monitoring tools at the ancient Egyptians
Pharaohs created simple tools for astronomical observation and locate astronomical objects, and the family adopted the most important which is about two tools used by the monitors two, it is Valadah merkht (Almrki)
The first branch is a short and thick mussels from a terminal where there is thick at the party split a high-
The second tool is a ruler with the words of Hacol a thin line attached at the bottom of a piece of lead-up to pull the thread to become vertically, horizontally and bear.



And how to use Almrki is that someone sitting toward the north and the other towards the south for the observer, and determine the hours when they pass the star string vertical in the horizontal ruler so that it is with heart or eye, left or right or in any part of the body of the viewer for example, is said (the star I see above the left eye the viewer to three o'clock). In the daytime they used solar sundial (measured under the column for example) to determine the time.






    
Pharaonic calendars
The ancient Egyptians were the first civilizations that divided the year into (360) days, with divided the solar year into three classes each semester consists of four months, has opened the first chapter flooding or (drought) and the second chapter is (Perth) or winter and the mean displacement of water of land, and opened the third quarter summer or (chemo) and the mean water shortages, and Kano call the years with their symbols, special show on the ruler in those years. has been calculated also days of the solar year by Hrouguin Canis Major which is the brightest star in the constellation (the dog most ) Sirius consecutive star Sirius.


The reason for their interest in this star it is linked to the date of the Nile River flood, where seasonal rains are falling on the highlands of Abyssinia to the Nile floods Vtaatdfq water level goes up which leads to the annual flooding, the flooding has stopped for the time being because of the construction of the Aswan High Dam in southern Egypt. To that observed Pharaohs The flood occurs at sunrise star Sirius Vatakdhuha hours Kone and one of the main bases in the calendar Pharaonic to schedule an impending flood, and surprisingly the star Sirius rises from the eastern horizon one grade only at sunrise during the flood, making monitoring difficult because of the sun making monitoring difficult, has raised the surprise of scientists at the moment.Pharaohs also used as the lunar year and lunar month known through Hrouguin consecutive meetings of the crescent and the lunar year divided into twelve months, has relied on the lunar calendar to determine the date of rituals and religious occasions where every lunar year of thirteen holiday officially and religiously.



    
The planets and constellations
Care of the Pharaohs in view of the sky and control, perhaps because of the purity of the air most of the year where the spotted stars and constellations Kalshary Yamania (because of its importance in determining the time of the flood) and opened Big Dipper labels and perceptions of their own constellations where a vision (Big Dipper) in the form of a elongated arms Cygnus in the form of horse-drawn Cart and likened Cygnus
And other constellations. Star also were interested in and fired on the stars surrounding the North Star immortal star, and one of the reasons is that the interest in that each represents a paradise for the lives of the kings of the Pharaohs.And take care of also planets car five that you see in the form of bright stars and fired them (the stars that do not never rest) because of its movement continuous between the stars has been fired on Mars (Houri red) and also fired on the buyer (the star piercing) and Saturn (Horus the bull), has been fired also on Venus and Mercury (Benjmte morning) at their backs in the morning and (Ndjemta evening) when their backs after sunset. It was Ersadehm very accurate as is reflected in the perpendicularity of the sun on the face of Ramses II in Abu Simbel temple in Aswan twice a year. Orthogonal first occurs on the day of birth of 22 February and the second orthogonal happening October 22 the day of his coronation to the throne.

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