Absolute Monarchy Definition in Ancient Egypt

The concept of monarchy originated in prehistoric times and have evolved over the centuries to our day. There is no civilization living today which did not originate in the work and efforts of the monarchy. The first states were mostly monarchies. They were ruled by kings or queens. The first monarchies that we know are those of Sumer and Egypt. Both started around 3000 BC.

Absolute Monarchy Definition in Ancient Egypt

It is true that there were many more men than women in power, but there have always been women heads too. There were women who ruled Egypt as Hatshepsut and Cleopatra. Throughout history, royal dynasties dominated countries and empires of the world. Kings, queens, emperors, chiefs, pharaohs, czars were few titles conferred on leaders. But in whatever capacity they ruled by the monarchs have shaped institutions, rituals and cultures of all ages and all corners of the globe.

Ancient Egypt was an ancient civilization of eastern North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. United civilization around 3150 BC with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh, and it developed over the next three millennia. Its history occurred in a series of kingdoms stable, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate periods.

Ancient Egypt reached its pinnacle during the New Kingdom, after which it entered a period of slow decline. Egypt was conquered by a succession of foreign powers in this late period. The rule of the pharaohs officially ended in 31 BC when Egypt fell to the Roman Empire and became a Roman province. Pharaoh term pr-aA literally means big house. In the direction of the palace dates back to the Old Kingdom.  

Under the Royal holder, it came into use in the early years of the first millennium BCE in monumental inscriptions may be as late as the reign of Sheshong III. Ideally, for most of Egyptian history, we should not refer to the king as pharaoh, but that the kingdom has remained virtually unchanged for thousands of years, until the advent of Christianity and the abandonment of the vision traditional world, referring to the institution inherently Egyptian Pharaohs can be considered reasonable, even if sometimes it sounds a little dated.

The pharaohs were often referred to as nswt, translated as "king" and Hm, rendered "Majesty." Thus, the official Sia-Khufu described himself in a rock inscription in the desert of Upper Egypt is as follows: jrj-jx, t-nsw.t (guardian of the property of the king)jrr MRRT Hm = f (which is what His Majesty likes) Was a pharaoh of ancient Egypt equivalent of a king (although Queen Nefertiti became the first wife of Pharaoh).

 Pharaohs were considered gods in human form, so that people respected, obeyed and feared. They had a lot more power on earth that the Queen of England today, and what they said to do. According to tradition, incestuous marriages between pharaohs and their sisters were commonplace. If this were the case, it could be made to mimic the god Osiris and his sister / wife Isis and / or maintain the sacred lineage pure.

On the other hand, the historical record for many Egyptian antiquity is uneven and subject to interpretation, some say that this tradition is based on a misreading of modern inscriptions while others say that brother-sister unions were usually symbolic and other concubines were the mothers of the pharaohs.

Some famous pharaohs were:

Akhenaten (1375-1358 BC) was the first ruler in history to believe in the concept of one God. He has also taught this concept to all its citizens. He built a new city in the desert that was dedicated to religion, art and music. This new city was known as Akhenaten.

Ramses II (the Great) was one of the most prolific builders of ancient Egypt. Some of the greatest monuments that were created by him: Abu Simbel, Karnak and Luxor Temples, the Ramesseum, and many others. He also commissioned the largest monolithic statue ever, a seated statue of himself at the Ramesseum.

Tutankhaten became pharaoh after the death of Smenkhkare, and became one of the most famous royalties history. Tutankhaten became pharaoh at the age of nine years. He married Ankhesenpaaten and decided to Akhetaten. His tomb is one of the few that has been discovered almost untouched by thieves.


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