2014/02/17

Tutankhamun Pendant

Vulture Pendant of Tutankhamun


Tutankhamun's mummy wrappings contained his personal possessions. This necklace was suspended from his neck in the eleventh or twelfth layer, close to the mummy, and therefore very probably it was a piece that he had worn during his lifetime. The pendant consist of a representation of the vulture-goddess of Upper Egypt, Nekhbet, with the outer ends of the wings folded downwards resembling a cloak.

It is made of solid gold encrusted on the obverse with blue glass, apart from the lesser coverts of the wings, which are encrusted with red glass edged with green, and the tips of the tail feathers, which are also encrusted with red glass.

Vulture of Tutankhamun


In its talons it holds the hieroglyphic shen sign, inlaid with carnelian and blue glass. The gold head, turned sideways, and the neck are delicately rendered in a most realistic manner, the effect being heightened by the wrinkled occiput, the obsidian eyes, and the lapis lazuli beak. On the chased reverse a miniature necklace and pendant are modeled in high relief.

The pendant is composed of the king's cartouche surmounted by the sun's disk and ostrich plumes, flanked by two uraei. Fastenings for the suspension chains are attached to the upper edges of the wings.

Tut Crook and Flail

 King Tut Crook and Flail

These emblems were found separately in the hall the crook and flail in the Treasury. The beam is historically the most interesting because it deals with the gold cap at the base of the handle name of the king in its early form Tutankhaton with his throne name Nebkheperura, showing that he had belonged to him then that he was still a child, but after he had ascended the throne. Since a plague was one of the symbols held by the kings of Egypt in some of their coronation ceremonies, there is at least possible that this object was used by the real scourge Tutankhaton in his coronation at Amarna, when he was about nine years before he was crowned at Karnak.

 The scammer is listed on both terminals with the caps the throne name only - a difference that, in spite of equal size of two objects, may indicate that they were not originally made as a pair. A second pair and an odd crook, all the greatest, were found in the same wooden box as this plague. All three crooks are composed of alternating cylindrical sleeves of metal covered with gold and dark blue glass on a bronze core. The grip of the plague, as far as the sleeve upward angle, is composed of the same, but the gold beads in the strips of the rudder have wood cores.

 King Tut Crook and Flail


Although the crook and flail were most often represented as emblems of the god Osiris, they were also conducted on some of the ceremonies, in addition to the coronation, the reigning Pharaoh. Very occasionally, the swindler was organized by the viceroys of Nubia and also by viziers. A painted scene of tribute from Asia in the tomb of Tutankhamun viceroy of Nubia, Huy, shows the king holding both the crook and flail in his left hand and the sign of "life" (ankh ) in the right, while the Viceroy holds a crook, but not evil, in his left hand and a single ostrich plume in his right. Only rarely is the scourge shown in the hands of priests or officials and bodies such are limited to scenes of royal jubilee festivals. 

 Despite these sporadic exceptions, the crook and flail were essentially Osirian emblems, if possible, if not the cause. Osiris is suspected of having acquired Andjeti, the local god of the city in the Delta Djedu named, who was represented in human form with two feathers on the head and keeping the crook and flail in his hands . At a very early date in Egyptian history Osiris absorbed Andjeti and adopted his badge. Osiris, however, was seen not only as a god, but also as a deified king deceased and therefore his badge, especially the crook and flail, were treated as symbols of royalty.

It is not difficult to imagine how a shepherd's crook could have acquired the symbolic meaning of domination. His name in Egyptian is heqat and most common word for "rule" is heqa. Naturally it was compared with the butt, the Christian pastoral staff. A plague (called nekhakha), however, seems out of character for a kind and benevolent god like Osiris and for this reason some authorities prefer to regard it as a ladanisterion, an instrument used as a scourge, to this day by the shepherds in the Mediterranean region and elsewhere to collect labdanum, a gummy substance excreted by the leaves of the plant Cistus. According to classical authors, it was used in the preparation of incense and ointments.


 This suggestion, proposed by the late Professor PE Newberry contributed to the clearance of Tutankhamun's tomb, is plausible, but, still, there is no clear evidence that the plant grew in Egypt in Cistus Pharaonic times.

Tutankhamun Trumpet

The Trumpet Of King Tutankhamun

Showcase housing one of the most important item and what was considered to be as a master piece , it's a musical instrument ,it is known as the "trumpet". The trumpet was called Snb in ancient Egypt. We are not sure whether the musical instruments were  part of the funerary equipments or not because most of the royal burial had been robbied and only the tomb of Tutankhamen contained which had some musical instruments

 Our main concern was directed to the trumpet here ,the trumpet is considered as masterpiece because it's the only thing which we can hear like the ancient Egyptians has heard exactly that's why when Howard carter excavated the tomb, he decided to use the trumpet and he heard the same sound that the ancient Egyptians had heard, 1000 years ago so this is the only link between us and the ancient Egyptians

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet

Tutankhamun Trumpet




 In ancient Egypt We have different types of musical instruments:

 The first type is known as percussion musical instrument: This was a kind of musical instrument which creates a rythem like the" sistrum and the clappers". such as the two sistra which were found in the tomb of Tutankhamen and two clappers which you can see downstairs in the showcase which is housing the games dating back to the archaic period .Then the second type of musical instruments was known as string musical instruments such as the harp and in the tomb of Tutankhamen we don't have an example for string musical instruments.The third type of musical instrument is known as the blowing or the .

And among these category we have the horn and the trumpets.Our main concern was directed to the trumpet which is considered to be from the blowing or wind musical instruments. Its main usage was in the different ceremonies or in the battle field as it was for announcement of the start of the battle.The trumpet was made out of 2 parts; the tube& the bell.The tube is made out of wood gilded and the bell is made out of copper or bronze..The bell is decorated with a scene representing King Tutankhamen in front of three divinities who were: Amen, Rahorakhty&ptah.

So why specially these divinities were depicted here? The scholars started searching and and studying why?? As there was connection between the trumpet and the 3divinties, they started thinking about the main uses of the trumpet to announce for the beginning of the battle so they thought that there was a certain connection between the 3 deities and the army. The scholars mentioned that before the reign of king Tutankhamen ,king TuthmosisШdivided the army into 3 parts(the heart and the two wings)

While, after the reign of King Tutankhamen king RamessesП divided the army into 4divisions, upon each divine he placed a deity. These divinities were imn, ra, ptah&Seth they were upon the head of the4 divisions of Egyptian army. Some scholars suggested that may be during the reign of king Tutankhamen the army was divided into 3 parts and each divinity upon apart that's why the king was depicted in front of these three divinities who were imn , Rahorakhty&ptah

Then concerning the bell we can see that there is a wooden stopper inserted inside this bell to retain it's shape, because this bell is made out of a thin layer of metal so it can be easily damaged Other scholars believed that this stopper had another usage which is: having to put a piece of cloth upon the stopper to clean the core of the bell or may be to prevent the dust from entering the core of the bell.

Trumpet was used all over the country except in two nomes; they were Busiris&Letopolis why??  These 2 nomes believed that the sound created by the trumpet is the sound of the braying of the donkey and this sound resembled the sound of god Seth (god of evil). So they refused completely to hear the sound of the trumpet as they were the two main cult centers of god Osiris, so the trumpet was creating the sound of Seth (the murderer of god Osiris)

The most famous scene where we can see the trumpet was depicted in the temple of king RamessesШ at Madient Habu where it represents the first soldier holding the trumpet creating its sound to encourage the soldiers to fight more bravely and to cross the wall of an Asiatic fortress The trumpet is a musical instrument which was used during the military activities, it was used mainly to announce the beginning of the battle and to encourage the soldiers during the wars and we have several scenes representing the trumpet in ancient Egypt.

In the tomb of king Tutankhamen we have 3 trumpets 2 of them were found in the antechamber while the 3rd was found in the burial chamber, The example in front of us here was found in the burial chamber and it was wrapped with reeds.Some scholars believed that it wasn't the original place of this trumpet, but others said it was its original place due to it's importance that's why they placed it, just near his burial place.The two other trumpets one of them exhibited now in the Louver museum and the other in restoration

This showcase also comprises two walking sticks and also some other handless of fans .Some were made out of wood gilded and others were from ebony and ivory and they were decorated with the names& titles of King Tutankhamen.



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