2013/12/01

King Tut Sarcophagus

 King Tutankhamun Sarcophagus

The box of this sarcophagus is made of fine brown quartzite and the cover is made of pink granite stained the color of the box. Why two different stones were used is not clear, unless the reason was that the cover for quartzite was not ready in time for the funeral and a granite lid of poor quality, what happened to be available, was substituted.

King Tut Sarcophagus


   There was another puzzle too: the granite lid was broken in two and the fracture, which was hidden with cement and painting, must have occurred before the sanctuaries have been established. No explanation seems possible, except that the premature death of the king, it was necessary to accelerate the work and the accident occurred.

  Symbolism for magical purposes is an important feature of Egyptian funerary equipment. On the sarcophagus is seen more clearly in the graceful figures of four goddesses, Isis, Nephthys, Neith and Selket, carved in high relief on the corners, their wings spread to protect the body in the sarcophagus.

Outermost Coffin of Tutankhamun

 Coffin of Tutankhamen


Inside the quartizite sarcophagus of Tutankhamen, 3 coffins were found. The innermost contained the mummy of Tutankhamun [which is still in his tomb (KV 62) at the Valley of the Kings] covered by luxurious adornments especially the golden mask. It is now housed in a special showcase preserving it from the damaging effects of the external weather.


The Outermost Coffin:

It is made out of wood; gilded in some parts inside it they found the 2nd coffin. It rested on a low leonine bier that was still intact though certainly suffering from the strain of a ton and a quarter worth of weight it had endured over the prior 3,200 years. Fragments chipped from the toe of the coffin lid at the time of the burial confirm a crude attempt to rectify a design problem and allow the sarcophagus lid to sit properly. Some of these fragments were found in the bottom of the sarcophagus. The chippings revealed that the coffin was made of cypress wood with a thin layer of gesso overlaid with gold foil. The layer of gold varied in thickness from heavy sheet for the face and hands to the very finest gold leaf for the rather curious khat-like headdress. Over the Khat headdress, the cobra and vulture are attached to the forehead, and the turned up beard of Osiris is attached to his chin. His arms are crossed over his chest holding the crook and the flail (the Heka and the Nekhekh). It is decorated with the Rishi decoration. There are the figures of Isis and Nephtys outstretching their wings on either sides of the body. The underside of the foot carries a further representation of Isis kneeling on the nbw sign.

Coffin of Tutankhamun



This coffin is still kept in the tomb of Tutankhamen at the Valley of the Kings inside the sarcophagus.

Pectoral of Sennedjem


Many of the workers of Deir el-Medina made their jewelry like that which was designed for royalty. However, they used cheaper materials. This pectoral of Sennedjem is made of painted wood and has a cornice on the top.

Pectoral of Sennedjem

The front of the pectoral is carved in sunken relief with a solar bark, or boat. It has an upright scarab placed between the goddesses Maat and Nephthys. The underside has a depiction of the bottom of the scarab, which is placed between two Djed signs. The scarab is inscribed with eight lines of Spell 30b of the Book of the Dead.


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