2013/07/17

Inlaid Gold Armlet of Ahhotep

When it was found among the hair of the mummy, this gold cuff Queen Ahhotep was thought to be a crown. Because of its size, however, it is certain that it was to be worn around the arm for protection.

It is inlaid with lapis lazuli and carnelian and decorated with gold and inlaid vaulture bearing the names of Ahmose.

Inlaid Gold Armlet of Ahhotep

2013/07/15

Ancient Egyptian Tutankhamun

Tutankhamun (Tutenkh-amen/-amun, 1341 BC - 1323 BC) was an Egyptian pharaoh, Rule 12 of the 18th Dynasty (c.1333 BC excluded - 1323 BC), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Empire.Tutankhamun ascended the throne at age 9 and reigned until his death ten years later, at the age of 19 years. His throne name was Neb-Re-Kheperu, which means "Lord of events again.

Before the discovery of his tomb Howard Carter, almost nothing was known of him, and interestingly, the only disappointment was the discovery of Carter there was little documentation found in his tomb. Therefore, we still know little about Tutankhamun. However, Tutankhamun is, in modern times, the most famous of the pharaohs, and the only one to have a nickname in popular culture ("King Tut").

Ancient Egyptian King Tut



Ancient Egyptian King Tut



Ancient Egyptian King Tut

Ancient Egyptian King Tut

Ancient Egyptian King Tut






Life:

Tutankhamun was not given this name at birth, but Tutankhaten (living image meaning "Aten), squarely placing it in the line of pharaohs following Akhenaten, the heretic pharaoh, who was most likely his father . He changed his name in the second year of his reign Tutankhamun (meaning "living image of Amun, which is actually a reference to Karnak).When he became king, he married his half-sister, Ankhesenepatan, which later changed its name to Ankhesenamun. They had two daughters, both stillborn - their mummies were discovered in his grave.

King Tut was the result of an incestuous relationship and, therefore, may have suffered from several genetic defects that contributed to his untimely death. His mother was one of Akhenaten's five sisters, although it is not known which one. Its birth defects are more common in children of incest.


Kingdom:

Given his age, the king must have had very powerful advisers, presumably including General Horemheb, the Vizier Ay, and Maya the "Overseer of the Treasury". Horemheb records that the king appointed him Lord of the Earth as hereditary prince to maintain law.In his final year reignal third Tutankhamun reversed several changes made during his father's reign. Action has been taken, probably under the direction of Ay and Horemheb in Egypt to return to its former traditional religion.

He ended the worship of the god Aten and restored the god Amun to supremacy. The ban on the cult of Amun was lifted and traditional privileges were restored to its priesthood.Its construction work in Luxor including the prosecution of the temple entrance colonnade of Amenhotep III, including associated statues. As part of his restoration, the king initiated building projects, in particular at Thebes and Karnak, where he dedicated a temple to Amun, decorated with images of Amun, Khonsu and Amunet.

We also know, mostly from fragments, which he built in Memphis. At Kawa, in the extreme south, he built a temple. Pair of granite lions of this temple flanked the entrance to the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery at the British Museum.Military wise, few things during the reign of Tutankhamun. The country was economically weak and in turmoil following the reign of Akhenaten. Diplomatic relations with other kingdoms had been neglected, and Tutankhamun sought to restore them, in particular with the Mitanni. Proof of his success is suggested by the gifts from various countries in his grave.

Despite his efforts for improved relations, battles with Nubians and Asiatics were recorded in his mortuary temple at Thebes. There are paintings from the tomb of Horemheb and as the tomb of Huy that seem to confirm these campaigns, but it is unlikely that the young Tutankhamun actually took part in military actions directly.Campaigns in Palestine / Syria met with little success, but those in Nubia appear to have done much better.


Death:

Although there is some speculation that Tutankhamun was assassinated, the general consensus is that his death was accidental. CT scan taken in 2005 shows that he had badly broken his leg shortly before his death, and that the leg had become infected. He was infected with the most severe strain of malaria several times in his short life. It is believed that these two conditions together led to his death.




Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...