2012/09/05

Ancient Egypt Pyramids

The pyramids built around thousands of years continue to attract tourists and historians from around the world. Mysteries, myths and stories surrounding the pyramids are more attractive than all the historic sites of the world. Throughout history there have been many speculations and theories about the pyramids. However, there are still many unanswered questions that continue to puzzle scientists, mathematicians, astronomers, historians, architects and physicists around the world. People have devoted their entire lives to uncover the secrets of these incredible structures and people who built them.

Ancient Egypt Pyramids


Ancient Egypt Pyramids

Ancient Egypt Pyramids

Ancient Egypt Pyramids

Ancient Egypt Pyramids

Ancient Egypt Pyramids

"Pyramid" The word actually comes from "pyramis the Greek word which means" wheat cake. " "Pyramis the word was used to describe the ancient Egyptian buildings because they reminded the Greeks of wheat cakes pointed roof. The ancient Egyptian word for pyramid was "Sea". Egyptologists have developed many theories about why the tombs of the pharaohs were first built in the shape of a pyramid.

Here are three different ideas:

1. The pyramid represents the first land to appear at the beginning of time a hill called "Ben-Ben". Pyramid-shaped stone in the first temple, which itself is thought to symbolize the primeval mound from which the Egyptians believed life emerged.

2. The pyramid has sloped sides so that the dead pharaoh could symbolically ascend to heaven and live forever.

3. The pyramid represents the sun.

Evolution of the pyramids:

Initially the pyramids were not huge pharaohs built tombs called mastabas small. These mastabas were smaller in size and had space for mummies and some things to take to the afterlife. Then, the pharaohs began to build mounds on their mastabas was to signify their greatness. The pyramids were the first pyramids fancy later pharaohs decided to complete the steps.

The first pyramids were built sharp Gizia. Great Pyramid the highest pyramid of Cheops was the tallest building until the Eiffel Tower was built. The pyramids signified the power and wealth of the pharaohs. These pyramids were built by slaves in Egypt. An estimated 20,000 to 30,000 slaves built the pyramid Gizia for a period of eighty years.

Symbolism pyramid

Although it is generally agreed that pyramids were burial monuments, there seems to be some disagreement among historians about the theological principal on which it was built. One of the most famous theories is that it was a "machine resurrection." She's launch directly the spirit of Pharaoh in the sky The Egyptians believed the dark area of ​​the night sky around which the stars appear to revolve was the physical gateway into the heavens. One of the narrow shafts that extends from the main burial chamber through the entire body of the Great Pyramid points directly towards the center of this part of the sky.

This suggests the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to launch magic deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the gods. All Egyptian pyramids were built on the west bank of the Nile, which as the site of the setting sun was associated with the realm of the dead in Egyptian mythology.

It took more than manual labor to build these majestic pyramids, the architects made a clear pyramidal shape by running ropes from the outer corners to the planned summit, to make sure the stones were positioned correctly and priests astronomers helped choose the pyramids' sites and orientations, so they would be on the appropriate axis in relation to sacred constellations. Push priest stone, each worker would have probably recognized its role in the continuation of the cycle of life and death of the Pharaohs, and thus perpetuating the glory of Egypt.

The obsession with the afterlife:

The ancient Egyptians believed that when the pharaoh died, he became Osiris, king of the dead. The new pharaoh became Horus, god of the sky and the protector of the sun god. This cycle was symbolized by the sunrise and sunset. Part of the spirit of a dead pharaoh, called his ka was believed to remain with his body and it was thought that if the corpse did not have proper care, the former pharaoh would not be able to s 'fulfill his new duties as king of the dead.

If that happened, the cycle would be broken and disaster will befall Egypt. To avoid such a catastrophe, each dead pharaoh was mummified, which preserved his body. Everything the king would need in his afterlife was provided in his grave clay vessels, stone and gold, furniture, food, even doll representations of servants, known shabti.

His body would continue to receive food offerings long after his death. The kings used to begin building their pyramids at the beginning of their reign as it took years to complete the construction of a pyramid. In November 2008, 118 pyramids have been identified. The search for answers and the quest to solve the mysteries is ongoing and mysteries. Us with our modern technology and scientific advancement are still solve the mysteries of the great ancient civilization of Egypt.

Ancient Egypt Tomb Paintings

Ancient Egyptian civilization is considered the most conservative and never rigid. The basic models of Egyptian institutions, beliefs and artistic ideas were formed during the first centuries and has not changed, do not occur until the very end. Knowledge of Egyptian civilization depends majorly on the graves and their contents. The Egyptian concept is that each person must have and a happy life after death, which leads to the vast repertoire of funerary paintings and countless graves in the pyramids. Early development of the art falls can be seen in a fragment of the mural Heirakonpolis with human and animal figures normalized and big white ships.

Ancient Egypt Tomb Paintings
Ancient Egypt Tomb Paintings


Ancient Egypt Tomb Paintings

Ancient Egypt Tomb Paintings


The Old Kingdom developed much further in this area trying to create a replica of the daily life of a man who lives for his soul (ka). Hunting the hippopotamus at the tomb of Ti at Saqqara is a perfect example because of its landscape setting. Representation of all the deceased tomb paintings of the ancient kingdom was passive and static, as a spectator of the action around him. It could be a subtle way of transporting the death of the body, but the continuation of the living soul.


Middle Empire relaxation of standards can be seen in the paintings of the tombs of the princes of Beni Hasan, carved into the rock. A good example is the fresco "Feeding oryx" the rock-cut tomb of Khnum-hotep, where the painter has experienced the effects of shortening and space.
Best of all tomb paintings are derived from the New Kingdom. The formulas of projecting an image on a continuous flat surface, but there are more naturalistic in the figures. The figure of the deceased is not static, but more involved in the whole action, and it is also brought to scale. There relaxation of the rigid rules of representation and issues fixed once thought suitable for tomb paintings.


King Akhenaten, with the start of a new faith-based Aton, gave a new direction to the artistic activity. There was a temporary easing of concern Egyptian life in the beyond, and a greater concern for life on earth. He grew up in a different way, more naturalistic representation of the human figure. Survival Amarna style (like this art has been called) is seen in the tomb of Tutankhamen. The paintings on the panels of a gold chest portray the king's mission to define themselves as the imperial conqueror. The chest represents the king as a hunter and a warrior, a proclamation double his royal power.


While at times of Tutankhamun, the Amarna style had almost disappeared, some features were still persistent practiced, but after the Pharaohs Akhenaton restored the worship of Amun, and returned to the old way of art. Illustrated papyrus rolls have become essential equipment to do everything right graves. The roll of Hu-Nefer in the Theban necropolis is an excellent example that represents the final judgment of the deceased.


Ancient Egypt Tombs

 Ancient Egyptian Tombs

It was believed, in ancient Egypt, a tomb, they are designed and built correctly, has the power to give life and give immortality to its owner died. Thus, for many years could be devoted to the preparation and construction of tombs, which were known to the ancient Egyptians as "houses of eternity." Contractors and supervisors were instructed to perform rituals during the construction and guidelines were provided on where to build, how to design and also materials to use.

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Ancient Egyptian Tombs

Types of Tombs:

Simple Pit-Graves:

A simple hole in the ground which was just large enough to hold the body of the deceased and a few grave goods. Over the years lining of wood or stone, a roof and then small chambers were added. Pit graves were the most common type of graves, usually belonging to commoners.


Mastabas:

These tombs first appeared in the Predynastic period when they were used to protect the burial of Kings, the mastaba being an oblong heaps of stone which would cover the grave. These blocks covered the real tomb - the body was still buried in the ground, a narrow shaft would lead down to a small chamber in the rock - it was here that the body would have its final resting place. After the burial the chamber was sealed and the shaft was filled with rubble.


Rock-cut Chapels:

In these type of tombs, the oblong heap of rough, un-cut stones of the mastaba was replaced by square-cut granite or limestone. The size of the tomb also increased to accommodate more burial goods. These were common during the Middle Kingdom, especially for burial of Kings.


Pyramid-tombs:

Perhaps, the most famous of Egyptian Burial Tombs, pyramids were the grand structures, built as tombs for the Pharaohs of the New Kingdom to last for all eternity. The dead were accompanied by all the things necessary for a comfortable afterlife.


Construction of Tombs:

All tombs had two essential architectural components that reflected their religious function - a burial chamber and a nearby mortuary chapel. The burial chamber was below ground and housed and protected the body and spirit. The mortuary chapel was above ground and was accessible to visitors who would perform rites and make offerings of food and drink for the dead person.

False doors were also placed in these chapels to establish a connection between the worlds of the living and the dead. The design on the door allowed the spirit of the person to move freely between the chapel and the tomb to receive offerings.

Terracotta funerary cones were inscribed with the owner's name and placed above the entrance to the tomb. The pointed end allowed them to be pressed into the plaster above the doorway. Funerary cones were used from the Middle Kingdom onwards but mainly during the New Kingdom, and appeared most often in private tombs around Thebes.

Egyptian burial chambers were never meant to be viewed. They were packed with an astounding array of artwork - sacred and magical. As the point of contact between the mortal and the immortal, art had the power to transport a person, to free them from the silent immobility of death.

It was a way of controlling the chaotic, evil forces in the universe that sought to undermine universal order. Whether mass produced or commissioned, art in the form of painting, sculpture, carving and script had the power to maintain universal order by appealing to the gods to act on behalf of the dead tomb owner and ensure his safe arrival and eternal nourishment in the afterlife.
 
 

Ancient Egyptian Alphabet

Egyptian hieroglyphs were a formal writing system used by the ancient Egyptians that contained a combination of logographic and alphabetic. Egyptians used cursive hieroglyphs for religious literature on papyrus and wood. Variations less formal writing, called hieratic and demotic, are technically not hieroglyphs.


 

The most widely spoken language in Egypt is Egyptian Arabic (Ma? Ri), which is part of the Arabic languages ​​Semitic branch of the family of Afro-Asiatic languages​​. From the spoken Arabic brought to Egypt during the seventh century AD Muslim conquest.

Its development has been influenced mainly by indigenous copto-Egyptian language of pre-Islamic Egypt, and later by other languages ​​such as Turkish. It is the national language of Egypt, spoken by over 76 million people. It is also one of the most common varieties and studied Arabic.

Coptic, a direct descendant of the ancient Egyptian language which was once written in Egyptian hieroglyphic, hieratic, demotic and scripts, is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church. The Coptic alphabet is a modified form of the Greek alphabet, with some letters from demotic.

The official language of Egypt is Arabic standard and is used in most media. English and French are also widely spoken and used in business.

Ancient Egyptian Language

Egypt is in Africa and the Middle East. The ancient name of Egypt is "black earth" Kemet meaning. He received his name due to the fertility of black soil found in the plains of the Nile River flowing through Egypt.Egypt is also known for its historical monuments such as the Giza pyramid complex and even the Egyptian civilization holds a lot of importance. Egypt is a country with a political and cultural significance for the Middle East. Egypt gets its English name from various sources such as Egypt word French, Latin and Greek Aegyptus Aigyptos old.

Ancient Egyptian Language


The ancient Egyptians believed that writing was invented by Thoth and returned to their hieroglyphic writing as "sword of God." "Hieroglyph" The word was derived from the meaning "hieros" from the Greek words "fear" and "glyphosate, which means enrollment.The oldest examples of writing can be traced back to 3400 BC and the last is dated 96 AD. The Egyptian hieroglyphic script was mainly used to draw inscriptions on the walls of temples and tombs. In the case of some inscriptions the glyphs were very drafted while in others they were mere outlines. Hieratic was used for writing daily.


Egypt is an Afro-Asiatic language which was spoken in Egypt until the 10th century. Language is related to languages ​​Berber and Semitic as Arabic and Hebrew. After this period, he continued to be used as a liturgical language of Egyptian Christians, the Copts. The old Egyptian language spoke to about 500 BC from 2600.It was the language spoken in the Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period. Middle Egyptian was spoken for nearly 700 years from 2000 BC. It has often been called classical Egyptian and was known textual evidence different. However, he survived until some centuries of our era, despite the use of the late Egyptian language.


Latin was spoken in the Middle Ages. Demotic was a spoken language until the 5th century AD. Demotic language is a mixture of Egyptian script derived from northern forms of hieratic, which was widespread in the delta and the stage of the Egyptian language Egyptian Coptic period between the later and earlier. Coptic was the last language that was adopted by the ancient Egyptians.Ancient Egyptian vocabulary mainly consists of three consonants. However, sometimes there were only two consonants. Vowels and consonants others were later added to the vocabulary. These have been added for different meanings. Reconstruction of vowels was difficult because they were not written in any Egyptian script.


The Egyptians used two grammatical genders ie male and female. In the early stages of the Egyptian language, there were no items describe some words. The ancient Egyptians used Constructus state to join two or more names to express the genitive. It was similar to that used in Berber and Semitic languages.

Translation of Hieroglyphics

Ancient Egyptian language Translation 

The ancient Egyptian civilization, they say, is one of the most advanced civilizations in the world. Whether it's art, architecture, culture, language and writing. The ancient Egyptian writing is called hieroglyphics.

 Translation of Hieroglyphics


It literally means scripture or the words of God. It can be divided into two "hieros" meaning sacred meaning and glyphosate registrations. The ancient Egyptians attributed the invention of writing to a god called Thoth.It is a complex system of symbols, each of which may have more than one or two meanings. Each symbol represents an object, sound, action or idea.
Therefore, it is a rigid mode of writing a language is like a language in itself, which can interpret its readers in many ways. The writing itself needs a precision and skill. Therefore, it would be translated certainly more difficult than most.


The Rosetta stone, although very old piece of ancient Egyptian granodiorite stele was found by the French in 1799 during a campaign and was the first ancient text in three languages ​​to be found in this period. Even if the whole tablet has not been found, he was a key to decipher hieroglyphics.The script was far unintelligible and had baffled historians throughout the world. Finally, a key to translate Egyptian text was found. This has led to a deeper understanding of the ancient Egyptians and even more great way to learn about their culture, traditions, customs, history, kings and extent of the kingdom.


The Rosetta Stone himself had information about the royal family, Ptolemy, who ruled Egypt around 196 BC This piece of stone also connected to their line a general of the army of Alexander the Great, and Cleopatra was also a descendant of the same family.
Thus, this broken piece of history helped modern historians link between the two great civilizations of the world and also build chronologically.
It was found that the statements contained in Rosetta Stone hieroglyphs quote regarding the legitimacy of a ruling family around 196 BC Ptolemy's family, of Macedonian origin, had ruled Egypt since the time of Alexander the Great when one of his generals was appointed to the throne.
Cleopatra was from the same family, several generations later. The Greek translation of the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs modern scholars have started to rebuild a better understanding of the history of hieroglyphics.Hieroglyphs were primarily used for inscriptions on tombs and temples. Some were complex, while others a little rough.This script was deciphered by Jean-François Champollion in the first half of the 19th century. Before that, there was no awareness of the translation of hieroglyphic writing at all.


Emperor Theodius I was responsible for the closure of all pagan temples in the 4th century AD, which began the fall and eventual disappearance of the script until it was translated by Jean-François Champollion.To read this script, follow the direction that the first symbol in the text is in. This is not the same every time and can be left to right, right to left or top to bottom. You can even determine if the text relates to the subjects or the rule of the presence or absence of a
cartouche.


Ancient Egyptian language History

 Egyptian is the indigenous language of Egypt and a branch of the Afro-asiatic language family. Written records of the Egyptian language have been dated from about 3400 BC,making it one of the oldest recorded languages known. Egyptian was spoken until the late 7th century AD in the form of Coptic.





The national language of modern-day Egypt is Egyptian Arabic, which gradually replaced Coptic as the language of daily life in the centuries after the Muslim conquest of Egypt. Coptic is still used as the liturgical language of the Coptic Church. It has a handful of fluent speakers today.

Scholars group the Egyptian language into six major chronological divisions:

Archaic Egyptian (before 2600 BC)

Consists of inscriptions from the late Predynastic and Early Dynastic period. The earliest known evidence of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing appears on Naqada II pottery vessels.



Old Egyptian (2600 BC ¬ 2000 BC)

The language of the Old Kingdom and First Intermediate Period. The Pyramid Texts are the largest body of literature written in this phase of the language. Tomb walls of elite Egyptians from this period also bear autobiographical writings representing Old Egyptian. One of its distinguishing characteristics is the tripling of ideograms, phonograms, and determinatives to indicate the plural. Overall, it does not differ significantly from the next stage.

Middle Egyptian (2000 BC ¬ 1300 BC)

Often dubbed Classical Egyptian, this stage is known from a variety of textual evidence in hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts dated from about the Middle Kingdom. It includes funerary texts inscribed on sarcophagi such as the Coffin Texts; wisdom texts instructing people on how to lead a life that exemplified the ancient Egyptian philosophical worldview (see the Ipuwer papyrus).

Tales detailing the adventures of a certain individual, for example the Story of Sinhue; medical and scientific texts such as the Edwin Smith Papyrus and the Ebers papyrus; and poetic texts praising a god or a pharaoh, like the Hymn to the Nile.

The Egyptian vernacular already began to change from the written language as evidenced by some Middle Kingdom hieratic texts, but classical Middle Egyptian continued to be written in formal contexts well into the Late Dynastic period (sometimes referred to as Late Middle Egyptian).

Late Egyptian (1300 BC ¬ 700 BC)

Records of this stage appear in the second part of the New Kingdom, considered by many as the "Golden Age" of ancient Egyptian civilization. It contains a rich body of religious and secular literature, comprising such famous examples as the Story of Wenamun and the Instructions of Ani.

It was also the language of Ramesside administration. Late Egyptian is not totally distinct from Middle Egyptian, as many "classicisms" appear in historical and literary documents of this phase. However, the difference between Middle and Late Egyptian is greater than that between Middle and Old Egyptian.

It's also a better representative than Middle Egyptian of the spoken language in the New Kingdom and beyond. Hieroglyphic orthography saw an enormous expansion of its graphemic inventory between the Late Dynastic and Ptolemaic periods.

Demotic (seventh century BC ¬ fifth century AD)

Demotic refers to both the ancient Egyptian script derived from northern forms of hieratic used in the Delta, as well as the stage of the Egyptian language following Late Egyptian and preceding Coptic. By convention, the word "Demotic" is capitalized in order to distinguish it from demotic Greek.
The Demotic script (formerly referred to as Enchorial Egyptian) was used for more than a thousand years, and during that time a number of developmental stages occurred.
 
Early Demotic:

Early Demotic (often referred to by the German term Frühdemotisch) developed in Lower Egypt during the later part of the 25th Dynasty, particularly on stelae from the Serapeum at Saqqara. It is generally dated between 650 and 400 BC as most texts written in Early Demotic are dated to the 26th Dynasty and the following Persian period (the 27th Dynasty).

After the reunification of Egypt under Psametik I, Demotic replaced Abnormal Hieratic in Upper Egypt, particularly during the reign of Amasis when it became the official administrative and legal script. During this period, Demotic was used only for administrative, legal, and commercial texts, while hieroglyphs and hieratic were reserved for other texts.

 


Middle (Ptolemaic) Demotic:

Middle Demotic (circa 400¬30 BC) is the stage of writing used during the Ptolemaic Period. From the fourth century BC onwards, Demotic held a higher status, as may be seen from its increasing use for literary and religious texts.

By the end of the third century BC, Greek was more important as it was the administrative language of the country; Demotic contracts lost most of their legal force unless there was a note in Greek of being registered with the authorities.

Late (Roman) Demotic:

From the beginning of Roman rule of Egypt, Demotic was progressively less used in public life. There are, however, a number of literary texts written in Late Demotic (circa 30 BC¬452 AD), especially from the first and second centuries AD, though the quantity of all Demotic texts decreased rapidly towards the end of the second century.
After that, Demotic was only used for a few ostraca, subscriptions to Greek texts, mummy labels, and graffiti. The last dated example of the Demotic script is dated to 11 December 452 AD, and consists of a graffiti on the walls of the temple of Isis on Philae.

Coptic (fourth ¬ fourteenth century AD)

Coptic is the last phase of ancient Egyptian. It is the direct descendant of the ancient language written in Egyptian hieroglyphic, hieratic, and demotic scripts. The Coptic alphabet is a slightly modified form of the Greek alphabet, with some letters (which vary from dialect to dialect) deriving from demotic.

As a living language of daily conversation, Coptic flourished from ca. 200 to 1100. The last record of its being spoken was during the 17th century. Coptic survives today as the liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Egyptian Arabic is the spoken and national language of Egypt today.

Egyptian writing in the form of label and signs has been dated to 3200 BC. These early texts are generally lumped together under the term "Archaic Egyptian."

In 1999, Archaeology Magazine reported that the earliest Egyptian Glyphs date back to 3400 BC which "...challenge the commonly held belief that early logographs, pictographic symbols representing a specific place, object, or quantity, first evolved into more complex phonetic symbols in Mesopotamia."

Old Egyptian was spoken for some 500 years from 2600 BC onwards. Middle Egyptian was spoken from about 2000 BC for a further 700 years when Late Egyptian made its appearance; Middle Egyptian did, however, survive until the first few centuries AD as a written language, similar to the use of Latin during the Middle Ages and that of Classical Arabic today.

Demotic Egyptian first appears about 650 BC and survived as a spoken language until fifth century AD. Coptic Egyptian appeared in the fourth century AD and survived as a living language until the sixteenth century AD, when European scholars traveled to Egypt to learn it from native speakers during the Renaissance. It probably survived in the Egyptian countryside as a spoken language for several centuries after that.
The Bohairic dialect of Coptic is still used by the Egyptian Christian Churches.Old, Middle, and Late Egyptian were all written using hieroglyphs and hieratic.

Demotic was written using a script derived from hieratic; its appearance is vaguely similar to modern Arabic script and is also written from right to left (although the two are not related). Coptic is written using the Coptic alphabet, a modified form of the Greek alphabet with a number of symbols borrowed from Demotic for sounds that did not occur in Ancient Greek.

Arabic gradually replaced spoken Coptic after the Arabian invasion in the seventh century, though Arabic was the language of the Muslim political administration soon thereafter

Most "surviving" texts in the Egyptian language are primarily written on stone in the hieroglyphic script. However, in antiquity, the majority of texts were written on perishable papyrus in hieratic and (later) demotic, which are now lost.

There was also a form of cursive hieroglyphic script used for religious documents on papyrus, such as the Book of the Dead in the Ramesside Period; this script was simpler to write than the hieroglyphs in stone inscriptions, but was not as cursive as hieratic, lacking the wide use of ligatures.

Additionally, there was a variety of stone-cut hieratic known as lapidary hieratic. In the language's final stage of development, the Coptic alphabet replaced the older writing system. The native name for Egyptian hieroglyphic writing is s?? n mdw n?r or "writing of the words of god." Hieroglyphs are employed in two ways in Egyptian texts: as ideograms that represent the idea depicted by the pictures; and more commonly as phonograms denoting their phonetic value.

Learning ancient Egyptian Language

Facts about ancient Egyptian language learning / hieroglyphs:
As a language on a daily said, the ancient language came to be extinct by the 17th century.
One of the first things you learn when you start studying Egyptian hieroglyphics is the set of so-called signs monoliteral. These are the signs that represent a single sound, usually a consonant. Here is a table that shows signs monoliteral with their meaning. You will also find these signs early enough in most good books on hieroglyphics.



To begin studying the ancient Egyptian language:
1. Must master reading letters of phonemes in the first table, the table adjusted ossama alsaadawi! we must insist on the guttural sounds and Egyptian control read correctly.
2. Must master reading all bilateral phonetic hieroglyphics according to their correct expressions.
3. Must follow all the strict rules for reading Egyptian hieroglyphics.
4. Must carefully consider the correct interpretations of ancient Egyptian images because they are integral parts of ancient Egyptian texts.
Hieroglyphs are written in rows or columns and can be read from left to right or from right to left. You can distinguish the direction in which the text should be read because the human or animal figures always face the beginning of the line. In addition, the symbols above are read before the bottom.
A logogram is a representation of a complete word (not individual letters of phonemes) directly from an image of the object actually observed (cf. Greek "logos" or "word"). As such, it does not take into account the phonemes, but only direct objects and concepts related to it.
Egyptian phonography (a word is represented by a series of glyphs sound of speech sounds) was derived by phonetic borrowing. Logograms are used to write other words or parts of words semantically unrelated to the record but with whom they shared the same phonetic consonantal structure.
The ancient scriptures have been replaced by "Coptic", a script consists of 24 letters of the Greek alphabet supplemented by six demotic Egyptian characters used to the sounds do not speak Greek.
The ancient Egyptian language continued to be spoken, and evolved into what became known as the Coptic language, but in time both the language and the Coptic alphabet have been displaced by the spread of Arabic in the 11th century. The last link of Linguistics ancient kingdoms of Egypt was then broken, and the knowledge to read the history of the pharaohs was lost.

Ancient Egyptian Names

Ancient Egyptians chose their names as the names symbolize care of things very well for them. A name is an important part of an individual who has even helped in the identification of the soul after death. Egyptian names may contain the names of deities, an event very likely in a religious tour. It was also believed that god Ptah creates everything in the universe by pronouncing each name.

Ancient Egyptian Names


The names of those leaders often followed or important deity of the time. Therefore, names are often an indication of the location name. Names have not been assigned by chance, but each name has a specific meaning. Possession of a name was inevitable for survival. Names in Egypt were simple nouns or adjectives having a specific meaning. For example, the name meant Khu protected and cheerful lady Kiya meant. Common words or phrases are generally used. It is true that the name could be used by men and women in Egypt. But pa-sheri was a male and your ID-Sherit, feminine. Sit and if meant son, my daughter.


A king had different names that are often confusing. It can inherit the name of its predecessor, but the people being called by another name. His name may be different in different parts of Egypt. Names were sometimes combined with existing names. The names were so important that their withdrawal monuments or statues was considered equivalent to the destruction of memory and existence of this person. It was considered that destroy the name of a person, it was impossible for him to achieve eternal life. Sentences for certain crimes was the destruction of the names so guilty he will never lose his hope of eternal life.


The nickname is the short version or description of that name. For example, Maat is synonymous with stability, Ankh, that's life, Nefer means beautiful mother means Mut Tut means image, and Hebrews mean party.


Some ancient Egyptian names are given below :


Names Meanings
Wosret Powerful one
Akhenaton Spirit of Aton
Tutankhamen Image of the life of Amon
Ahmose The moon is born
Rameses Son of Ra
Hebeny Ebony
Neferiti The beautiful one has come
Khu Protected
Menes Unknown
Netikerty She who is excellent
Imhotep He comes in peace
Wahankh Strong in life

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